Official Plugins (Kuzzle v2.x)
Device Manager v0.x

Decoders #

Since payload formats can differ among device models, it is necessary to decode each payload in order to retrieve the necessary information and store it correctly in the document of the associated device.

devices payloads collect and decode schema

To do this, you can create a decoder by implementing the Decoder class.

This class must at least implement the decode method, which contains the logic allowing to process the payload data and format it in a way that suits your business needs.

Each decoder is linked to its corresponding device model. Its registration triggers the creation of a specific API action to receive payloads from this device model. Each payload will be decoded by the decoder provided for its model.

Example: Decoder for the device model "Karakoy"

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// "Karakoy" device payload
  deviceEUI: '12345',
  register55: 23.3,
  batteryLevel: 0.8,
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import { JSONObject, KuzzleRequest } from 'kuzzle';
import { Decoder, DeviceContent, DeviceManagerPlugin } from '@kuzzleio/plugin-device-manager';

const deviceManager = new DeviceManagerPlugin();

class KarakoyDecoder extends Decoder {
  constructor () {

  async decode (payload: JSONObject, request: KuzzleRequest): Promise<DeviceContent> {
    const deviceContent: DeviceContent = {
      reference: payload.deviceEUI,
      measures: {
        temperature: {
          degree: payload.register55,
      qos: {
        battery: payload.batteryLevel * 100

    return deviceContent;

deviceManager.registerDecoder(new KarakoyDecoder());

Receive payloads #

When registering a decoder, a corresponding API action is registered in the device-manager/payload controller.

The API action name is the name of the model in kebab-case.

The generated URL is the following: POST /_/device-manager/payload/<model-kebab-case>.

You can specify a custom API action and custom HTTP routes by defining the action and http properties of the decoder class.

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class KarakoyDecoder extends Decoder {
  constructor () {

    // Generated API action: "device-manager/payload:karakoy-v1"
    this.action = 'karakoy-v1';

    // Generated HTTP route: PUT /_/v1/device-manager/payload/karakoy
    this.http = [
      { verb: 'put', path: 'v1/device-manager/payload/karakoy' }

Receive payload: tenant event #

When a new payload is received, if the corresponding device is assigned to a tenant then a Tenant Event is triggered: tenant:<tenant-id>:device:new-payload

The <tenant-id> part will be replaced by the corresponding tenant ID (index name).

This event payload contains a KuzzleRequest with the following properties:

name type description
Device document corresponding to the received payload
Asset document if the device is linked to an asset

Action results #

Each action will return an object containing those 3 properties:

  • device: device document
  • tenantId: device tenant ID (only if the device was attached to a tenant)
  • asset: asset document (only if the device was linked to an asset)

Hooks #

You can then use lifecycle hooks to modify a payload while it's been processed

  • validate: Validates the payload format before processing
  • beforeRegister: Enrichment hook executed before registering a device
  • afterRegister: Hook executed after registering a device
  • beforeUpdate: Enrichment hook executed before updating a device
  • afterUpdate: Hook executed after updating a device

See also: Decoder abstract class.

Saving raw payloads #

Every payload received by Kuzzle will be stored in the payloads collection of the admin index.

Each document contains the following property:

  • uuid: payload unique identifier (also found in measures)
  • valid: payload validity
  • deviceModel: device model registered for this payload
  • payload: raw payload content