Request and Response format

All transactions in Kuzzle are represented by a Request object. The object is created by the client to send a request to Kuzzle and returned by Kuzzle containing the response.

The state of this object evolves along with the lifecycle of the transaction.

The Request object is sealed, which means you cannot add or delete fields once the object is initialized.

Let's take a look at the structure of the Request object.

Request {
    // members
    status,     // {integer}        The status of the transaction (matches HTTP codes)
    timestamp,  // {integer}
    id,         // {string}         
    context,    // {RequestContext} Contains information about the connection and the current token & user
    input,      // {RequestInput}   The request input params sent by the client
    result,     // {Object}         The raw result sent by the controller (defaults to null)
    error,      // {KuzzleError}    Defaults to null
    response,   // {property}       The final response sent out of Kuzzle (enumerable, get-only property)

    // methods
    setError (error),               // Sets the status to the error.code and fills the error member.
    setResult (obj, [status=200])   // Sets the result and the status code.

Let's take a look at the attributes of this object.

  • The id attribute bears a unique, auto-generated value that identifies the transaction.
  • The timestamp attribute stores the creation date (in seconds after the Epoch time).


The input field contains all the parameters that express the request from the client. It has the following structure:

RequestInput {
    // members
    args,           // {Object}     Parametric arguments. i.e. for REST, taken from the query string
    volatile,       // {Object}
    body,           // {Object}     Content of the resource for REST like routes, main parameters for others
    controller,     // {string}
    action,         // {string}
    resource {

    // methods
    constructor (data) // data is a JS Object that has the same structure as the Websocket message


The context attribute contains information about the state of the connection at the moment the request is sent. It has the following structure:

RequestContext {
    connectionId,   // {scalar}     Unique identifier of the user connection
    protocol,       // {string}
    token,          // {Token}      Auth token
    user            // {User}       Represents the current User associated to the transaction

Status codes

The status attribute is a numeric code similar to HTTP status codes. It is used to inform the client about the real status of his request (if an error occurred or not).

List of status codes supported by Kuzzle

1xx Processing

  • 102: Standard status for an unhandled request.

2xx Success

  • 200: Standard status for a successful request.
  • 206: The request (typically a bulk import) is partially successful, but some actions encountered an error. (in this case, error details are returned within error.errors)

4xx Client Error

  • 400: The request is malformed (usually: an argument is missing).
  • 403: The client is not allowed to perform the requested action.
  • 404: The requested resource cannot be found.

5xx Server Error

  • 500: Kuzzle encountered an unexpected error (standard code for internal error).
  • 503: An external service is unavailable

Error objects format

When an error occurred, the error attribute contains KuzzleError object, which inherits from the primitive Javascript Error type.


Here is how it works.

  • The client initializes the object with the arguments passed to the constructor.
    • The status field is always initialized to 102 ("processing").
    • The context field is initialized with the connection status and ID.
    • The input field is initialized with the request parameters specified in the options.
    • The fields error, result and response contain null.
  • Kuzzle receives the response. The corresponding controller handles it according to the input field.
    • The raw response of the controller is set to the result field.
    • If an error occurs, Kuzzle updates the error field via the setError method.
    • The status field is update consequently with a HTTP-compliant numeric code.
    • Kuzzle fills the response field with an object compliant with the Kuzzle Response API standard
  • Kuzzle sends the response back to the client.